Diabetes in children- Signs, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Diabetes in children- Signs, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Normally, the diabetes is a long-term condition, which causes a high blood sugar level. The diabetes is a chronic disease that happens, when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin. Actually, theinsulin is a hormone that helps glucose gets into your cells to bring the energy. If the insulin does not work properly or not available to move glucose from the blood into cells, the glucose will remain in the blood. This means that your blood sugar level is higher than the normal, but not too high is called as diabetes. If you have diabetes, you can identify through blood tests.

Basically, there are two major types of diabetes such as type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Almost, 90% of people have type 2 diabetes. According to the recent research, there are more than three million people having diabetes and the count is continually increasing. Over one-third of people who have the type of diabetes are unaware of having this disease and are not getting a proper treatment; because many of them are not seeing the early symptoms without testing.

What is Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children?

Diabetes in children- Signs, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The T1D in kids is a common condition in which the kid’s body no longer makes an essential hormone such as insulin. Your kids also require enough insulin to survive, so you have to replace the missing insulin. This type 1 diabetes in kids can be used to be known as insulin-independent diabetes or juvenile diabetes.

The type 1 occurs, when the pancreas cannot produce insulin. Everyone with T1D needs insulin injections. Even most of the people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during their adolescent or childhood years. Most frequently, the T1D arises in people of northern European origin.

Most importantly, type 1 diabetes in kids needsconsistent care. But the advances in blood sugar monitoring as well as insulin delivery have increased the routine management of this condition.

Type 1 diabetes in kidsSymptoms

The common symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes in kids normally grow very fast over the period of weeks.

These signs and symptoms are listed below

  • Weight loss
  • Extreme hunger
  • Yeast infection
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Behavior changes or irritability
  • Increased thirst and frequent urination

If you notice any of these signs or symptoms of type 1 diabetes in kids, you should immediately see the child’s doctor and take proper treatment.


  • Race
  • Family history
  • Genetic susceptibility


  • Helping your kids maintain a balanced blood sugar control
  • Teaching your kids about the importance of consuming a healthy diet and doing regular exercises
  • Scheduling the regular visits with the kid’s diabetes doctor at least once per year after the initial diabetes diagnosis

What is Type 2 diabetes (T2D)in children?

Diabetes in children- Signs, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The type 2 diabetes occurs, when the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin or the body does not use the insulin properly. Usually, it happens in adults, so the children might be affected by some cases. Normally, people with T2D have a family history of this condition and 90% of people are obese or overweight. Everyone with T2D may ultimately require the insulin injections. However, this condition normally happens in people of Asians, Hispanics, Indigenous and African descent. Below are the signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes in kids that include:

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children

  • Itchy skin
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Peeing a lot
  • Heavy breathing
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Slow healing of cuts or sores
  • Thirsty or hungry a lot, even after eating
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

Causes of T2D in kids

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Unhealthy eating
  • Family members who have been overweight
  • Rarely a hormonal issue or other medical condition

If you find any of these signs or symptoms of type 2 diabetes in kids, you just take your child immediately to the doctor.


  • Daily home blood sugar monitoring
  • Routine exercise recommendations
  • A proper diet
  • Pay careful attention to the number of intake carbohydrates
  • Participating your kids in approved and supervised forms of physical exercise daily

Hence,diabetes in kids is quite difficult to diagnosis and treatment, especially for children. Even the type 2 is not easy to predict and also need more research into its causes, signs, outcomes and treatment strategies.